Friday, August 10, 2007
First Printed Cyrillic Script Book
Oktoikh is the first printed book of the Cyrillic script. It was brought out in Cracow in 1491 by Schweipolt Fiol native of Franconia. Oktoikh is one of the most widespread liturgical books of the Orthodox church. The text is prefaced with a frontispiece with a picture of the crucifix, at the end there is a colophon complete with printer's mark. The ornamental attire of the book is modest and made up of one headpiece and one initial. In the world there are seven copies of the book of five hundred years, with the only complete one being kept by the Russian State library. In the past the book was owned by Wroclaw reformer and bibliophile Johann Hess (1490 to 1547).
(Rossiiskaya Gosudarstvennaya Biblioteka)
For additional information see: http://libraries.theeuropeanlibrary.org/RussiaMoscow/treasures_en.xml